FIRE Releases Its 2022 Report on Campus Speech Codes

The Foundation for Individual Rights in Education (FIRE) recently released its annual review of campus speech codes:

A new study by the Foundation for Individual Rights in Education analyzes the written free expression policies at 481 of America’s top colleges and universities. Spotlight on Speech Codes 2022: The State of Free Speech on Our Nation’s Campuses finds that 87% of American colleges maintain policies that restrict — or could too easily be interpreted to restrict — expression.

“Students’ expressive rights shouldn’t be determined by school administrators — they should be determined by the First Amendment,” said Laura Beltz, FIRE’s policy reform director. “College administrators should protect, not endanger, these rights when crafting school policies.”

All of the policies analyzed in the report are accessible in FIRE’s Spotlight Database. FIRE rates schools as “red light,” “yellow light,” or “green light” institutions based on how much speech protected by the First Amendment their policies restrict in a number of categories, including protest, online speech, harassment, and civility.

FIRE also released a companion video to the report.